Thursday, September 29, 2011

Task Presentation

What are some things teachers can do to improve communication with with learners in task presentation?

Some things that can be done to improve communication are orient the learner, use a logical sequence, use examples and nonexamples, personalize the presentation, repeat things difficult to understand, draw on the learners personal experience, check for understanding, and present the material dynamically.

What are guidelines for using demonstration effectively?

Some guidelines for a good demonstration are giving accurate information, having the demonstration done by a student if possible, use the same format the students will use, emphasize important information, let the students know why the skill is performed in a certain way, check for understanding, and repeat the demonstration more than once.

What are the characteristics of good learning cues? Design a set of learning cues you would use with young beginning learners and then for older advanced learners for a closed skill, open skill, and movement concept.

A good learning cue reminds the students of what they need to do in order to execute a skill properly.

Factors that influence learning

What are the requirements for learning a motor skill? What do each of these requirements mean for the teacher of motor skills?

In order for a student to learn a motor skill they must have prerequisites which means they have already mastered some easier form of the skill. They must also be developmentally ready to learn the given skill. The students must also have a clear idea of the task. Teachers need to make sure they give the students the right motor programs so they have the complete information on what they are trying to do. The students must then have motivational and attentional disposition to the skill. This means that teachers should eliminate repetitive drills and design their lessons to capture the students attention. If all these areas are met the next thing a student needs is practice. This is necessary for students to use information on how to do the skill and to develop consistency in their performance.  A teacher can then give feedback to give the student knowledge of their results and performance which can be used to help the student improve and keep them motivated to the skill.

What is the difference between the way closed skills, open skills, discrete skills, and serial skills should be taught?

The difference in the way these different types of skills should be taught has to do with the complexity of the skills. Closed skills can be taught first and in drill like situations because the environment in which the student will have to do them won't change. The same goes for discrete skills because they have a definite beginning, middle, and end, and are only performed once. The student can really work on the quality and technique of the skill this way. As for open skills, students should learn these in game like situations because the environment is a contributing factor with the skills. Serial skills should also be taught like this also because they are discrete skills done one after another.

Monday, September 26, 2011

Take two!

After being surprised to teach on day one, we were given a second shot with some time to prepare.  In a four minute lesson, we focused on our introduction, signal for attention, hook, and demonstration. I have a lot I can work on but I feel I did a great job, especially compared to my first try.

 During my teaching I think I did man things well. For one, I think I had the confidence, clear loud voice, and the enthusiasm to teach that all physical educators should have. I felt like I was very organized and included everything I needed into my lesson. To me, it seemed like I taught in a way that sounded like I really wanted to teach the students this skill and didn't sound like I was just going through the motions. I also thought I acted in a very professional and taught with a serious attitude as if  I was teaching my future students. However their were a few things I did wrong or could have done better. For one, I need to shorten my instruction and demonstration time a little bit so the students are active longer. Also, I need to give positive feedback to individual students that lets them know exactly what they are doing good or bad instead of just general feedback that doesn't help the student as much.  Although I feel i really improved my enthusiasm while teaching I think it definitely needs some more work. This will come naturally as I get more experience teaching and become willing to teach outside what I'm currently comfortable with. Next time I really think I'm going to work on coming up with a better hook. I think this will improve my lesson a lot and get the students interested in my activity right away. It also can be used to get them involved during instruction because I can ask them a question to get some of their thoughts on the activity. Overall I think I did pretty good, but this is all for my future students so I don't think I will ever be completely satisfied with my teaching. There is always room to improve some aspect of the lesson or teaching style, especially when you see yourself on video. By adding more enthusiasm and really putting in a lot of thought into my activities to make them fun, exciting, and enjoyable, I think I will really make an impact on my students one day. But for now, I just need to keep learning and most of all practicing!

Thursday, September 8, 2011

Teaching Physical Education: Ch 1

1. What is meant by the idea that teaching is a goal-oriented activity?

Teaching is guided by a long-term plan for student outcomes called a curriculum. This is used to produce goals for students based on what level of ability they should be at which is determined at a national, state, and local level. The goal of physical education is the development of a physically active lifestyle. Six national standards for physical education have been produced by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. These standards describe the skills, abilities, and dispositions students will need to create a physically active lifestyle which is why they are used to create goals in physical education programs nation wide.  Goals for students are also split into three domains. The psychomotor domain which involves motor and physical abilities is related to standards 1 and 4. The cognitive domain which is knowledge and ability to process information is related to standard 2. The affective domain describes students feelings, attitudes, and social behaviors and is related to standards 3,5, and 6.
5. Why is the movement task-student response unit of analysis so important in physical education?

The movement task- student response unit of analysis is important because physical educators can then help students improve the performance of the tasks they are working on, increase the level of of complexity or difficulty of the task, or asses their ability in a self-testing or competitive situation.  Based on the student response to the movement task given teachers can redesign their tasks to better meet the needs of the students.
7. What is the relationship between teaching functions and teaching skills? List two teaching functions teachers perform, and describe two alternative behaviors teachers can choose to perform these functions.

By using teaching functions teachers can become better at teaching skills and help students benefit more from physical education class. Two teaching functions that teachers perform are Presenting tasks and Evaluating. Two alternative behaviors teachers can choose to perform these functions are content behaviors and management behaviors. In content behaviors the teacher describes the task, students engage, the teacher helps the students with the task, then the teacher modifies and develops the original task.  In management behaviors the teacher gives directions, the students get equipment and partners, and the teacher asks a single student to stop fooling around.

Thursday, September 1, 2011

Practice Makes Perfect...

I definitely have a lot to work but I'm glad I'm able to watch myself on video for the first time. I didn't know that we were doing games. I thought we were just explaining skills, so I'm not worried about the length of the video.  My voice could be a little louder and definitely more enthusiastic, which is something I have a hard time with because it is just how I talk. I also got a little nervous half way through but that will go away with more practice.